Medical cannabis and its benefits
WHY CANNABIS WORKS
The endocannabinoid system, as the nervous system and digestive system, is present in every person and is involved in many processes in our bodies, such as appetite, pain-sensation, memory and mood.
The endocannabinoid system’s function is to enable messages to pass between the brain and different parts of the body through neurons and receptors.
Medicinal cannabis works through the endocannabinoid system. The natural compounds found in cannabis called cannabinoids interact with the endocannabinoid system to help maintain a state of balance in the mind and body by influencing how cells communicate with each other.
Some medical ailments affect the proper functioning of the endocannabinoid system, which can lead to many of the symptoms that patients experience as part of their condition. the cannabinoids in medicinal cannabis help treat those symptoms by supplementing the endocannabinoids normally produced in our body, and promoting our endocannabinoid system as a whole.
MEDICINAL CANNABIS ACTIVE
INGREDIENTS – THC and CBD
Cannabinoids are the chief active ingredients that deliver the therapeutic effects of cannabis. More than 100 different cannabinoids have been identified, but research has focused mainly on two of them: delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD).
THC is the most well-known cannabinoid. THC is the substance known to cause the psychoactive effects and is also responsible for many of the medicinal effects of cannabis. This may include, among others, reduction of nausea, vomiting, pain and muscle spasms, and improvement of sleep and appetite.
CBD is another major cannabinoid that receives significant scientific attention. It has medicinal effects, but does not induce a psychotropic state (i.e. its use does not result in feelings of intoxication). On the contrary, CBD may reduce some of the unwanted effects caused by higher doses of THC. Specifically, co-administration of CBD with THC has been shown to reduce the occurrence or intensity of typical side effects of THC, including heightened euphoria (feeling high), anxiety, and short term memory loss. Moreover, studies indicate that CBD could be effective in easing the symptoms of various difficult-to-control conditions, such as rheumatoid arthritis, diabetes, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), anxiety disorder, and antibiotic-resistant infections.
Terpenes are the aromatic compounds that give cannabis varieties their distinctive smells and taste. To date more than 120 different terpenes have been identified in cannabis. These terpenes are suspected to be involved in different interactions with cannabinoids. They may work synergistically with cannabinoids, to modify or enhance their therapeutic effects in specific ways. Although research on the potential interactions between terpenes and cannabinoids is still in its infancy, terpenes have been shown to produce their own pharmacological effects: anti-inflammatory (myrcene), neuroprotective (myrcene) and analgesic (beta-caryophyllene).
METABOLISM OF CANNABIS
Cannabis can be used in a number of different ways, each with its own effects.
In comparison to inhaled cannabis, ingested cannabis oil is processed differently in the body. This results in a gradual onset of effects that last longer.